Updated December 2010
This study focuses on the “quantity-quality trade-off” hypothesis of childbearing and childraising: When parents have
the ability to limit fertility, the result may not only be smaller numbers of children but also higher investment in each
child’s human capital. We investigate the extent to which fertility decline and smaller family sizes globally and specifically
in Vietnam are making it possible for households to invest more in their children’s education—not only through
leaving them in school longer, but also by increasing direct outlays on private tutoring and schooling generally.
Halsey Rogers, email@example.com
, The World Bank